The peculiarities of using innovative methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of children with disabilities

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Бердянський державний педагогічний університет
The article considers the peculiarities of the application of innovative methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of children with disabilities. Psychodiagnostic examination is organized taking into account the age and expected level of mental development of the child. These indicators determine the organizational forms of the diagnostic procedure, the choice of methods and interpretation of results. Diagnostic tasks should be available to the child. During the examination, the child must be offered a task that he can successfully perform, and in the analysis of the results, taking into account the tasks for which age group, the child coped. It is separately noted that at inspection it is important to reveal not only actual possibilities of the child, but also its potential possibilities in the form of a zone of the nearest development. This is achieved by offering tasks of varying complexity and providing the child with dosed assistance during the tasks. Strict scientificity is required in the selection of diagnostic tasks for each age stage, ie the examination should use those tasks that can identify which aspects of mental activity are violated in the examined child. It is emphasized that when processing and interpreting the results it is necessary to give their qualitative and quantitative characteristics, while the system of qualitative and quantitative indicators should be unambiguous for all examined children. It is noted that conducting psychodiagnostic research is always subject to a specific goal, which determines the ways to solve certain problems. The main purpose of psychodiagnostic research of a child with developmental disorders is to identify the structure of mental disorders to determine the optimal ways of correctional care. The specific task is determined by the age of the child, the presence or absence of disorders of vision, hearing, musculoskeletal system, social situation, stage of diagnosis (screening, differential diagnosis, in-depth psychological study). Psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of developmental disorders should determine the direction of the child's education, his specific educational needs, the possible level of his education, indicate the main directions of correctional and developmental education, ie psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of developmental disorders is differential prognostic. In the process of diagnosis, the optimal organizational forms of the child's education and recommendations of individual planned learning should be determined. child to develop an individual correctional program, evaluation of the effectiveness of corrective measures). To obtain informative and objective results of psychological study of the child it is necessary to adhere to a number of special conditions.
Ключові слова
Innovation, diagnostics, correction, lag, training, інновація, діагностика, корекція, відставання, навчання
Бібліографічний опис
Maliy N. The peculiarities of using innovative methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of children with disabilities / Natalia Maliy, Larysa Dyachenko // Наукові записки Бердянського державного педагогічного університету. Серія : Педагогічні науки : зб. наук. пр. – Бердянськ : БДПУ, 2021. – Вип. 2. – С. 82–88.